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Birth defects: Musculoskeletal defects

Musculoskeletal defects may affect muscles and bones in a baby’s head, face, spine, hips, legs and feet. Problems in bones and muscle tissues may lead to irregularities in the appearance and functioning of the damaged body part. Muscoloskeletal defects can be improved with the help of surgical treatment and usually involves the reconstructing of disfigured or missing parts of the body.

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Facial defects

The most common kinds of musculoskeletal defects in the face and skull are cleft palate and cleft lip, both of which often occur together. A cleft lip is a separation of the upper lip. A cleft palate is a split in the upper part of the mouth all the way into the nasal area and it can. A baby can also be born with an unusually small lower jaw, which is a lesser known musculoskeletal defect.

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Joints and limbs defects

Joint and limbs defects occur mainly due to genetic abnormalities. Other causes involve growth restriction in the womb and other mechanical forces. Joints and limbs may already be missing or deformed at the time of birth. Babies with joint or limb defects are likely to be at risk for other birth defects.

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Most babies with musculoskeletal defects have weakened muscles. However with the help of a surgical treatment, joint movements can be significantly improved.

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