Pre pregnancy check up: Blood tests
You and your partner should know your blood type and Rh type. If not, a simple blood test can reveal that. Any Rh incompatibility needs to be discussed with your physician. You will also be tested for other illnesses or deficiencies that include:
- HIV test
- Blood sugar level
- Thyroid hormones (if there is a history or concern)
- Vitamin and Mineral levels
Your urine will also be tested to determine if there is any infection or other issue that requires treatment.
Pre pregnancy check up: Fertility tests
These are important to your complete check up. Your doctor can test if you have any ovulation problems through ultrasound tests. You can also have a post-coital test that reveals any issues with your cervical fluid during ovulation.
Your partner should also get a sperm analysis. Approximately 50% of infertility cases are related to sperm quality. These tests are especially useful for couples that have been trying to conceive for a while.
Pre pregnancy check up: Genetic testing
Certain tests can determine if there are any genetic anomalies that can affect the foetus. These are normally done only if you’ve experienced recurrent miscarriages. Also, if you have had a family history of genetic disorders it is good to get tested before trying to conceive.
All the pre pregnancy tests can help your doctor have all the relevant information before you get pregnant. He or she can make the best recommendations for a healthy pregnancy based on these tests.
Watch: Dr Manny gives the low down on pre pregnancy exams
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